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Applications of climbers

Climbers on arbors, pergolas and walls

The beauty of any garden can be greatly enhanced by growing climbers on various kinds of garden structures such as pergolas, arbors, trellises, arches, gates, lattices or tripods.Climbers are very flexible and can be easily encouraged to grow along the shape of the support. Vigorous growth habit and high ornamental value give them a prominent role in a garden. They take up little space, yet quickly produce the desired effect owing to the mass of greenery, beautiful flowers and decorative fruit. They create shields screening out wind, dust and sunlight, and replace stale, polluted air with life giving oxygen.

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Climbers cultivated on fences and as screeners

Climbers create privacy while screening us out from neighbors, separate from bothersome roads and streets, and provide a lush cover. They keep away dust and fumes, and shelter the house from violent blasts of wind. When planted on fences, e.g. wire meshes or stockades, climbers will work well as a hedge, the rapid effect being due to enormous dynamism of their growth. The appropriate plant should be chosen depending on the size of a fence, favorite color, and time in which you want to obtain a screen. When planting climbers you should consider their weight and the rate of growth. Vigorous species will quickly create a wall of greenery. In the future, however, they will require more pruning in order to keep them in the allotted space and prevent from overwhelming the neighboring plants, or damaging supports.

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Cultivation over natural supports and as ground cover

Clematis feel at home growing through living supports, such as perennials, dwarf shrubs, bushes, and trees. They are natural companions in the wild and, as Nature is unrivalled in arranging the plantings for the best display, this manner of growing is well worth recreating in every garden. Clematis compensate for the seasonal flowering gaps by providing color when other flowers are lacking, and thus extend the glory of the garden. Remember, however, that you have to conform the growth habit of the clematis with the size of the shrub or the tree. Plant them near bulbs and hard prune in spring. Consequently, tulips and daffodils will bloom undisturbed throughout spring, and after their retreat into dormancy clematis will clothe them with a richly colored carpet.

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In containers, on balconies and terraces

Cultivation in pots on patios and balconies.
Many varieties of clematis are excellent for growing in containers on balconies, patios, lodges and such like. As a container you can use a large flowerpot, a bucket, a wooden box etc. It should have more than 40 cm in height and 30 cm in diameter, and large draining holes. A layer of smashed clay pots and gravel at the bottom will provide good drainage. 

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Clematis for cut flowers

Clematis for cut flowersClematis make excellent fresh cut flowers. Arranged in a vase or floating in a bowl of water, they will bring beauty into every apartment.
Their rich hues blend harmoniously, a sophisticated shape and delicately winding stems inspire charming compositions. In order to prolong the life of cut clematis, you should prepare them carefully. Select thick, woody stems with new blossoms (ideally if blooms are opened in around 70%). All leaves, or at least most of them should be removed from stems to reduce transpiration. Immerse whole shoots, together with flowers, in cold water (e.g. by putting them in a large bowl or a pot) for 10-12 hours, and subsequently put them to the vase.

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